Cattle and Grassland Management

Estimating Water Requirements for Mature Beef Cows

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MF3303 (KSU), ANSI-3299 (OSU)


Cattle require a minimum amount of water, reflecting the water necessary  for growth, fetal development, lactation, and replacing water lost from  urine, sweat, and evaporation. An adequate supply of clean, fresh water  is a critical component of maintaining healthy, productive  livestock.This publication explains water needs for beef cattle and  estimates daily water requirements considering temperature and feed  intake.  

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Cow-Calf Management Options When Pasture Is Limited

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MF3114 (KSU)


To remain profitable in the face of widespread drought, record grain and  feed prices, and other economic uncertainties, Kansas beef producers  must focus on capturing value, managing returns, and implementing  least-cost production strategies. This publication helps beef producers  determine appropriate management practices for cow-calf operations when  pasture is limited.  

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Confinement Cow Feeding

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MF3115 (KSU)


 When drought or other factors increase competition for grazing land,  beef producers may consider moving cattle off grass and feeding them in  a confinement pen. This publication provides information on culling  decisions, diets, housing, and other concerns associated with this  practice. 

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Mature Cow Size Considerations

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ANSI-3301 (OSU)


Even though the optimal phenotype for this characteristic has been debated for many years, it continues to  be an import consideration because of the impact it can have on ranch  profitability, appropriate stocking rate and consumer acceptance of beef  products. 

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Alternative Burning Strategies: Effects on Cattle, Grassland, and the Environment

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MF3251 (KSU)


This  publication describes research on the effects of patch burning versus  traditional pasture burning and the viability of this practice as a  strategy for reducing greenhouse emissions from cattle grazing systems. 

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Weather, Climate and Climate Science

National Weather Service Forecasts: Serving Agriculture

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MF3337 (KSU)/L-464 (OSU)

This publication describes various weather tools available from the National Weather Service.  

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National Weather Service: Climate Outlooks Serving Agriculture

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MF3432 (KSU)/BAE-1540 (OSU)


Climate Outlooks from the National Weather Service can be used to better  understand weather trends. This publication explains how to use these  outlooks to adjust crops or grazing to better adjust for general weather  trends. 

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What Is the Difference between Weather and Climate

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MF3197 (KSU) / L-453 (OSU)


This publication explains the different measurements and meanings of weather and climate.  

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Greenhouse Gases in Agriculture

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MF3119 (KSU)


Describes greenhouse gases and their role in agriculture.  

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Top 10 Questions about Carbon and CO2 in Agriculture

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MF3120 (KSU)


This publication addresses 10 of the most common questions about carbon and carbon dioxide as they relate to agriculture. 

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Cover Crops and Soil Management

Managing Soil Compaction

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PSS-2244 (OSU)

Jason Warren, and Randy Taylor


This fact sheet discusses the causes of, plant symptoms, and how to correct soil compaction.

Using Sunn Hemp as a Cover Crop in Oklahoma

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PSS-2273 (OSU)

Jason Warren, Tracy Wilson, and Jeff Edwards


This Fact Sheet will provide information on some of the expected benefits and potential challenges of using sunn hemp as a summer cover crop.

Using the GreenSeeker and Sensor-Based Nitrogen Rate Calculator

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PSS-2278 (OSU)
​Joy Abit & Brian Arnall


The Sensor-based Nitrogen Rate Calculator (SBNRC) is a free on-line sensor-based nitrogen (N) recommendation calculator. This web-based application was developed at Oklahoma State University and has been documented to increase profit of winter wheat production through either the reduction of N fertilizer inputs without loss of yield or an increase in yields with increased N fertilizer.

Grazing Cover Crops in Cropland (Southern SARE)

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Southern Cover Crops 2016 Conference Fact Sheet

Jose Dubeux, Jason Warren & Alan Franzluebbers


Cover crops are an important component of conservation agricultural systems in the Southeastern U.S. For some producers with extensive experience using cover crops, grazing can be a ‘next step’ in obtaining additional economic value while achieving environmental stewardship.

Forage Crops - Grazing Management: Toxic Plants

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MF3244 (KSU)
Jaymelynn Farney, Doug Shoup, Dave Rethorst, Dale Blasi and John Holman


Cover crops are gaining popularity as annual forages but may pose risks for grazing livestock. Describes animal health problems associated with certain species.

Evaluating Multispecies Cover Crops for Forage Production

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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports: Vol. 2: Iss. 3

C. Davis, D. Presley, J.K. Farney, and G.F. Sasenrath


Cover crops offer potential benefits for improving soil health, but establishment and management costs can be expensive. One way for farmers to recover these costs is to graze the forage, which benefits producers by integrating crop and animal production. 2015 version.

Dual-Purpose Wheat Management

Dual-Purpose Wheat: Improving Grazing Management Using A Smartphone App

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MF3304 (KSU) /
PSS-2170 (OSU)

Romulo Lollato, Andres Patrignani, Tyson Ochsner, Alexandre Rocateli, Peter Tomlinson, Jeff Edwards


Canopeo is a rapid and accurate green canopy cover measurement tool developed at Oklahoma State University. Canopeo is available as an application for both Android and iOS devices and enables the user to measure the percentage of green canopy cover in real time.

Dual-Purpose Wheat: Management for Forage and Grain Production

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MF3375 (KSU)/PSS-2178 (OSU)

Romulo Lollato, David Marburger, Johnathon D. Holman, Peter Tomlinson, DeAnn Presley, and Jeff Edwards


This publication describes some of the management techniques used when producers plan to graze wheat fields and harvest a grain crop.

Wheat Variety Date of First Hollow Stem, Fall Forage Yield, and Grain Yield 2016

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MF3312 (KSU)
Romulo Lollato, Amanda de Oliveira Silva, Rafael Maeoka, Gary Cramer, Brent Jaenisch, and Jane Lingenfelser


To be successful in dual-purpose systems, wheat varieties often require traits that are overlooked in grain-only systems. These traits include fall forage yield potential, date of first hollow stem, potential for recovery from grazing, resistance to viral diseases common under early planting, high temperature germination sensitivity, coleoptile length, tolerance to low soil pH, and aluminum toxicity. 

No-till Wheat Production in Oklahoma

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PSS-2132 (OSU)
​Jeff Edwards, Francis Epplin, Bob Hunger, Case Medlin, Tom Royer, Randy Taylor, and Hailin Zhang


This fact sheet discusses the many considerations to be taking into account when making a decision of switching from conventional till to no-till method of wheat production.

Wheat Growth and Development

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MF3300 (KSU)

Romulo Lollato


This 20-inch by 30-inch, full-color poster illustrates the wheat’s growth stages.

Wheat Variety Disease and Insect Ratings

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MF991 (KSU)
Erick DeWolf, Romulo Lollato, Jeff Whitworth


Revised and expanded for 2016. Agronomic characteristics and expanded disease resistance information is included. Genetic resistance to diseases and insect pests is usually the most effective, economical, and environmentally sound control method. Resistance ratings represent results of multiple field and greenhouse evaluations by public and private wheat researchers. Ratings help producers select wheat varieties and minimize potential for serious yield losses.